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Muslim and Christian views of God have both similarities and differences. Christians and Muslims both believe in One eternal God who created all that is. Both view God as all-powerful, all-knowing, and all-present. The major differences between the Islamic and Christian views of God revolve around the doctrine of the Godhead, nature of God, nature and ministry of Christ, the “original sin” and salvation.
In the Bible, God has revealed Himself as One God in three entities: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit (God is a spirit and not a physical being). These three are One in goal, purpose and character. This doctrine is a mystery to our limited human minds. God the Son came in the form of man (Luke 1:30-35; John 1:14; Colossians 2:9; 1 John 4:1-3) to offer His life to pay the penalty of man’s sin (Romans 6:23). Christ will come again to judge and rule the world (Acts 10:42, 43). All that accept Christ’s sacrifice on their behalf and live righteously by His grace will be given eternal life and all those that reject it will pay for their own sins (John 3:35-36).
In Contrast, Islam does not offer a judicial solution to the problem of sin. Allah simply forgives the sinner and asks for good deeds to atone for sins. In Islam, a human receives forgiveness and eternal life when his good deeds exceeds his evil deeds in God’s balance of justice (Sura 21:47; Sura 7:6-9). But where is the justice in this belief system? Can a fair judge simply forgive the crimes of the guilty? Or can money and good deeds redeem the criminal of the punishment he deserves? This concept is rejected by any judicial court even in our sinful world. Justice demands punishment.
In the Christian faith, Jesus is Divine and because of this, His life or existence is equal to all of His created beings. When humanity sinned, instead of receiving death, the penalty of sin, Jesus died so that they could have a second chance. “For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life. For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but to save the world through him. Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe stands condemned already because he has not believed in the name of God’s one and only Son” (John 3:16-18). In Christianity, God’s infinite justice and mercy are fully satisfied.
In His service,